Fidel Castro speaks: He supports 'peace with principle' – if the United

States will have it.



Fidel Castro: 'I do not Trust the Policy of the United States' (Cuba Debate, Cuba)


At long last, after months of speculation about whether he is dead or alive, Cuba's former dictator and the target of hundreds of CIA assassination attempts has opined on the U.S.-Cuba rapprochement. In a letter to students on the 70th anniversary of his admission to Havana University, Castro writes that while there is every reason to suspect the U.S., he supports 'any peaceful negotiated solution' as long as it 'doesn't imply force or the use of force' and is 'in accordance with international principles and norms.'


By Fidel Castro Ruz


Translated By Miguel Gutierrez


January 28, 2015


Spain - Cuarto Poder - Original Article (Spanish)

The leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, sent this message to the Federation of University Students at the Univerity of Havana in the context of the 70th anniversary of his admission to the institution.


Dear colleagues,


Since 2006, as a result of health issues incompatible with the time and effort required to fulfill a duty I imposed on myself when I entered this University on September 4, 1945, 70 years ago, I resigned from my office.


I was not a worker's son or lacking in material and social resources, and had a relatively comfortable existence. I could say that I miraculously escaped wealth. Many years later, a richer and undoubtedly very capable U.S. citizen, with nearly $100 billion, reportedly told a news agency on January 22 – that the predominant system of production and distribution of wealth would, from generation to generation, make the poor rich.


Since the day of ancient Greece, for almost 3,000 years, the Greeks, without going too far into it, were brilliant in almost all activities: physics, mathematics, philosophy, architecture, art, science, politics, astronomy and other branches of human knowledge. Greece, however, was a land in which slaves performed the most difficult tasks in fields and cities, while the oligarchy devoted itself to writing and philosophizing. The first utopia was impressed precisely for them.




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Observe carefully the realities of this well-known, globalized and very poorly-shared planet earth, on which we know every vital resource is distributed in accordance with historical factors: some with far less than they need, others with so much they don’t know what to do with it all. Now amidst major threats and dangers of war, chaos reigns in the distribution of financial resources and social production. The global population, between 1800 and 2015, has grown from one to seven billion people. Can this growth in population, in this way, be accommodated over the next 100 years, and the food, health, water and housing needs be met - whatever the scientific advances?


Setting aside these challenging problems, it is astonishing to recall that the University of Havana, in the days I entered this beloved, prestigious institution almost three quarters of a century ago, was the only one in Cuba.


Of course, fellow students and professors, we must remember that today it is but one of over 50 institutions of higher learning distributed across the entire country.


When you invited me to participate in the launch of commemorations of the 70th anniversary of my admission, which I was startled to realize, and in the days when I was very busy with various issues on which I could perhaps still be relatively useful, I decided to take a break and devote several hours to recalling those years.


I am overwhelmed to recall that 70 years have passed. In reality, compañeros and compañeras [male and female colleagues], if I were to enroll again as I did at that age as some have asked me, I would answer without hesitation that it would be to pursue a scientific career. I would say, like Guayasamín: Leave a little light shine on me.


In those years, already influenced by Marx, I was able to understand more, and better, the strange and complex world in which it has befallen us to live. I may have harbored a few bourgeois illusions, the tentacles of which managed to entangle many students who possessed more passion than experience. To discuss this topic, however, would be long and interminable.


Another genius of revolutionary action was Lenin, the founder of the Communist Party. So I didn't hesitate a second when during the [1953] Moncada Trial, where I was permitted to attend, I stated just once before the judges and dozens of senior officials of the Batista regime that we were readers of Lenin.


We didn’t talk about Mao Zedong because the socialist revolution in China, which was inspired by the same principles, had not yet ended.


I insist, however, that as humanity expands its knowledge, revolutionary ideas must always be on guard.


Nature teaches us that tens of billions of light years may have passed, and life in all of its manifestations has always been subjected to an incredible combination of matter and radiation.


A personal greeting between the presidents of Cuba and the United States took place at the funeral of Nelson Mandela, a distinguished and exemplary combatant against apartheid who had become friendly with Obama.



Suffice it to say that at that time, several years had passed since Cuban troops had decisively defeated the racist South African army led by the wealthy bourgeoisie, which had vast economic resources at its disposal. This is a story of a conflict that has yet to be written. South Africa, a government with the most financial resources on the continent, possessed nuclear weapons supplied by the racist state of Israel under an agreement between this party and President Ronald Reagan, who authorized Israel to deliver the devices for use against Cuban and Angolan forces defending the Popular Republic of Angola against racist troops attempting to occupy the country.


Thus peace negotiations were excluded while Angola was attacked by apartheid forces, with the best trained and equipped army on the African continent.


In such a situation there was no possibility whatsoever for a peaceful solution. Continued efforts to liquidate the People's Republic of Angola, in order to systematically bleed the country with the power of that well-equipped and well-trained army, was what led to Cuba's determination to deliver a resounding blow against the racists at Cuito Cuanavale, a former NATO base that South Africa was attempting to occupy at all costs.


That arrogant country [South Africa] was obliged to negotiate a peace agreement that put an end to the military occupation of Angola and an end to apartheid in Africa.


The African continent was left free of nuclear weapons, but Cuba had to face, for a second time, the threat of nuclear attack.


Cuban internationalist troops withdrew from Africa with honor. Then came the peace time Special Period that has lasted now for more than 20 years without us raising the white flag, something we never did, and never will do.

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Many friends of Cuba know of the exemplary conduct of our people, and for them, I will explain my essential position in brief.


I do not trust the policy of the United States, nor have I exchanged a single word with them, though this in no way signifies rejection of a peaceful solution to conflicts or the threat of war. Defending peace is the duty of all. Any peaceful negotiated solution to the problems between the United States and our people, or any of the peoples of Latin America, that doesn't imply force or the use of force, must be treated in accordance with international principles and norms. We will always defend cooperation and friendship with all peoples of the world, including those of our political adversaries. This is what we demand for all.


The president of Cuba has taken the appropriate steps in accordance with his prerogatives and powers granted by the National Assembly and the Communist Party of Cuba.


The grave dangers that today threaten humanity must give way to rules that are consistent with human dignity. From such rights no country can be excluded.


In this spirit I have struggled and will continue to struggle until my last breath.


Fidel Castro Ruz


January 26, 2015



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Posted By Worldmeets.US January 28, 2015, 10:26am










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