Brazil: Another day, another country angry over news that the

National Security Agency has been conducting mass espionage

against its nationals and companies.



Brazil 'Gravely Concerned' Over Reports of Massive NSA Espionage (O Globo, Brail)


"This claim is serious and should be discussed within the United Nations on order to determine liability. This revives the worst nightmares of George Orwell's Big Brother, but with stronger ingredients, if we consider the technological development of spy agencies in the world's most powerful nations. We are all, literally, vulnerable, exposed, not knowing where to turn, and with a sense of unbearable impunity."


-- Marcus Vinicius Furtado, president of the Order of Attorneys of Brazil


By Fernanda Krakovics, Francisco Leali and Leonardo Cazes


Translated By Brandi Miller


July 8, 2013


Brazil - O Globo - Original Article (Portuguese)

Brazil Foreign Minister Antônio Patriota is demanding an explanation from Washington today, after evidence came toi light showing massive NSA surveillance against his country.


GUARDIAN UNLIMITED, U.K.: Part II of the Guardian's interview with Edward Snowden, released July 8, 00:07:07RealVideo

-- Federal Police and Anatel [National Telecommunications Agency] will investigate whether Brazilian companies allowed the NSA access to local networks

-- In Paraty, Foreign Minister Antônio Patriota said that the government received the news with grave concern


BRASÍLIA and PARATY: On Sunday, Brazil's government demanded explanations from the United States regarding spying on Brazilian citizens and companies over the last decade by the U.S. National Security Agency [NSA], which is outlined in documents collected by former technician Edward Snowden, and which were made available to O Globo. The Foreign Ministry sought clarification from U.S. Ambassador Thomas Shannon, and has already asked its embassy in Washington to do the same directly to the American government. Itamaraty will also table a motion at the United Nations asking for improvements in cyber security to prevent this type of abuse be one country against another. Internally, the Federal Police and Anatel will investigate whether companies headquartered in Brazil allowed the NSA to have access to local communications networks.


The Brazilian government is also working under the assumption that the U.S. has monitored telephone calls, messaging and Internet data by tapping into underwater fiber optic cables.


“It is more than likely that the monitoring is done by way underwater cables and satellites. When it comes to international transmissions and phone calls, the majority of cables pass through the United States,” said Communications Minister Paulo Bernardo.


“We are very concerned by this news, especially given the possible relationship with Brazilian companies. If this really did happen, it is a crime against Brazilian law and the Constitution. Our Constitution guarantees the right to intimacy and privacy. If a Brazilian company is working in cahoots with foreign companies to break the confidentiality of telephone communications and data, it is nonsense,” said Bernardo.


The Planalto Palace [president’s office] will use this revelation of monitoring by the U.S. to try and force a vote in the Chamber of Deputies regarding landmark legislation on civilian use of the Internet. One of the most controversial articles in the proposed legislation involves the privacy of user data connection records, which many consider an issue of insecurity and a risk to Internet users.


The government also wants to speed the submission to Congress of a bill on personal data protection to guarantee information confidentiality. There is currently no legislation in Brazil that ensures the security of Internet data. On another front, the government will act within international organizations to foster multilateral governance of the Internet, similar to the World Health Organization, for example. This is currently handled by ICANN, an entity subordinate to the U.S. government.


“This is a vitally important issue that concerns the right of people to  relate to one another and share information without being harassed,” Paulo Bernardo said.


Early Sunday afternoon, Foreign Minister Antônio Patriota summoned the press in Paraty, where the International Literary Festival is taking place, and issues a statement that the government had received the news with grave concern.


“The Brazilian government received with grave concern the news that the electronic communications and telephone calls of Brazilian citizens have been subject to spying by American intelligence agencies. We request clarification from the U.S. government by way of the Brazilian Embassy in Washington and the American ambassador to Brazil,” went the statement.


The reaction was first articulated by President Dilma Rousseff on Sunday morning, at a meeting with Ministers Paulo Bernardo [communications], Gleisi Hoffmann [chief of staff], Ideli Salvatti [institutional relations], José Eduardo Cardozo [justice], Aloizio Mercadante [education] and Gilberto Carvalho [secretary-general of the presidency] at Alvorada Palace [the president’s residence].


What most concerned President Dilma is the possibility of political, commercial and industrial monitoring. At the meeting, the creation of a huge national data storage system was discussed. Dilma and her ministers discussed the amount of money it would take to create such a system and the timeline for implementing it.


On another front, House Deputy Ivan Valente, leader of PSOL [Socialism and Freedom Party] intends to file a request no later than Tuesday, calling on the American ambassador to give an explanation to the House Foreign Relations Committee. In the Senate, PSOL party leader Senator Randolfe Rodrigues will file the same request.


“National sovereignty requires drastic oversight of the unacceptable and invasive conduct on the part of the North American government,” Ivan Valente said. “The streets should execrate and repudiate the 'police of the world' attitude of the United States."


Contacted by the international news agency the Associated Press, the American Embassy’s spokesperson in Brasília, Dean Chaves, limited himself to saying that the case will be reviewed solely by the government in Washington. Echoing the revelations from O Globo, the AP also contacted the Foreign Ministry of Brazil, which, through its spokesperson Tovar Nunes, stated that if the espionage is proven, “it would be something extremely serious,” to which the Brazilian government “would respond depending on the severity.”


The president of the Order of Attorneys of Brazil, Marcus Vinicius Furtado, argued that a complaint of espionage should be tabled to the United Nations. He compared the espionage by the United States with the nightmare of Big Brother from the book Nineteen Eighty Four by George Orwell, in which all citizens were watched all the time.


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“This claim is serious and should be discussed within the United Nations on order to determine liability. This revives the worst nightmares about George Orwell's Big Brother, but with stronger ingredients, if we consider the technological development of spy agencies in the world's most powerful nations. We are all, literally, vulnerable, exposed, not knowing where to turn, and with a sense of unbearable impunity,” said the OAB president.


John Jeremiah Sullivan, an American essayist and journalist at the International Literary Festival, expressed his outrage at the claim.

Posted By Worldmeets.US


“It’s shameful. We Americans were also spied on. How will we live in a society where it is possible to carry out this type of espionage - where it is nearly possible to read a person's innermost thoughts in a database? From the moment it is possible to do this, of course a government will do it. Are Americans the only ones capable of this? Or are they the only ones stupid enough to get caught?”


As O Globo showed in the Sunday edition, Brazil, with its extensive public and private electronic networks, which are operated by large telecommunications and Internet companies, is highlighted on maps from the U.S. agency as a priority target for spying of telephone and data traffic (origin and destination), along with nations like China, Russia, Iran and Pakistan. It is unclear how many people and companies were spied on in Brazil, but there is evidence that the amount of data captured by the NSA filtering system is constant and large scale.

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Posted By Worldmeets.US June 8, 2013, 3:18pm