Barack Obama to Dilma Rousseff: 'How rude, Dilma!

This is no place to discuss the lives of aliens!'

Folha, Brazil

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NSA's Great Power Challenge to Brazil (Folha, Brazil)


"NSA actions violate the right to privacy, free expression and the press. It is a threat to representative democracies which is committed, under the paradoxical argument, that it aims to guarantee them. The espionage against Brazil is repulsive, unethical and immoral, but is a part of the arsenal of the great powers. ... Brazil urgently needs to invest in technologies that enable it to develop defense mechanisms for our systems. ... The question being asked of the president is whether she has adopted any measures to halt or eliminate these activities, or if she is all talk."


By Marcelo Itagiba*



Translated By Brandi Miller


October 1, 2013


Brazil - Folha - Original Article (Portuguese)

Brazil President Dilma Rousseff addresses the 68th opening of U.N. General Assembly, Sept. 24.


UNITED NATIONS VIDEO: In one of the most confontational speeches one is likely to hear at one of these events, Brazil President Rousseff criticizes the U.S over its mass surveillance of other countries, particularly hers, Sept. 24, 00:22:55RealVideo

Under so-called "Realpolitik," the laws of power govern the world of states, just as law of gravity govern the world of physics.


This is the rule that has always dominated international relations, despite the creation, historically recent, of a regulating body called the United Nations.


Espionage is used by states to gain knowledge that will serve as a basis for advantageous decision-making. All countries have spy agencies, euphemistically know as "intelligence."


There are five main ways to obtain HUMINT (human intelligence), which seeks out information through the use of spies; OSINT (open source intelligence), which are open sources (newspapers, magazines, Internet and scientific work); IMINT (image intelligence), collected images obtained with photos and video from airplanes and satellites; MASINT (measurement and signature intelligence), obtained through seismic events caused by, for example, the explosion of a nuclear device; and SIGINT (signal intelligence), which is the interception of communication signals.


The allegations of Edward Snowden have denuded the National Security Agency (NSA), the most intrusive American espionage agency, which works with SIGINT to decipher global communications networks through satellites, telephone signals and underwater and underground cables. It is estimated that 320 million total connections are intercepted and processed by the NSA every day.


Software created by Narus, a company now owned by Boeing but remotely controlled by the NSA in Fort Meade, sweeps communications spectrums in search of addresses, telephone numbers, and network systems, capturing key words and phrases. Any communication that raises suspicion is immediately separated out, processed, copied and recorded for analysis.


Once somebody becomes a target, all of their communications are evaluated, as well as any from their contacts. By way of a process called data-mining, the information is organized into graphics that allow for a true X-ray of their activities.


The agency is investing more than $2 billion in a new center in Bluffdale, Utah. Computers that run at astonishing speeds measured in yottabytes (one septillion) will decipher the intercepted data, including banking and credit card transactions.


Such actions violate the right to privacy, free expression and the press. It is a threat to representative democracies which is committed, under the paradoxical argument, that it aims to guarantee them.

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The espionage against Brazil is repulsive, unethical and immoral, but is a part of the arsenal of the great powers, who pluck what they want from this global Web technology. Brazil urgently needs to invest in technologies that enable it to develop defense mechanisms for our systems and cryptography that impedes surveillance, makes it difficult, or slows the rapid decoding of strategic data.


There is no real concern in the public sector about Brazil's strategy to protect data, an attribute of so-called counter-intelligence. The Brazilian Intelligence Agency and Federal Police should coordinate with military and strategic bodies to create a culture of data protection.


Brazil has cooperative protocols with foreign intelligence agencies and even ongoing programs under way with American intelligence. The question being asked of the president is whether she has adopted any measures to halt or eliminate these activities, or if she is all talk.


*MARCELO ITAGIBA, 57, was director of Intelligence at the Federal Police (1995-99), Secretary of Public Security of the State of Rio de Janeiro (2004-2006) and a PSDB [Brazilian Social Democracy Party] federal deputy (2007-2011).


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Posted By Worldmeets.US Oct. 1, 2013, 3:59am