Russia's first nuclear test, Operation Joe Lightning.

The bomb, named Joe-1 by the West, was detonated

at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan in 1949.

Its estimated yield was about 22 kilotons. The bomb

dropped by the U.S. on Nagasaki, Fat Man, had a

yield of about 21 kilotons.



Vedomosti, Russia

Soviet Theft of American Nuclear Secrets Was Fully Justified


"Had the Soviet Union failed to learn the secret of nuclear weapons, the alternative would have been the American nuclear bombing of our country."


By Igor Korotcheko*



Translated By Yekaterina Blinova


August 29, 2009


Russia - Vedemosti - Original Article (Russian)

Former Soviet leader Joseph Stalin: Considered a monster by much of the world, was his government's theft of U.S. atomic secrets justified? From a Russian point of view, undoubtedly yes.


Polish Public Television: The Polish president and prime minister, Russian prime minister, German chancellor, and others deliver remarks on the 70th anniversary of the beginning of World War II, Sept 1, 01:23:26RealVideo

It's been 60 years since the Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb. This happened on August 29, 1949 at the Semipalatinsk test site. Today it's hard to believe that only four years after the end of the Great Patriotic War [World War II], we succeeded in achieving such a monumental scientific and technological breakthrough, having created in such a short time - in contemporary terms it was just a single presidential term - the industrial infrastructure to build and test. This is the practical meaning of the term “authoritarian modernization!” But at the same time, Russia has obviously missed some of the chances it had in the recent “fat” years for oil and gas.


The decision to launch the project was made personally by Joseph Stalin, who appointed the first administrator of the Soviet nuclear project, Lavrenti Beria, who held the rank of supervisor of Top Secret Special Committee #1 at the USSR Sovmin (Council of Ministers). In this capacity, Beria proved himself, without exaggeration, an exceptional organizer. Of course, applying such a statement in relation to Lavrenti Pavlovich will provoke a barrage of criticism. Historical stereotypes are tenacious. He is too ambiguous a figure. But, those who think that shouting and threats of the gulag can force nuclear physicists to work effectively are profoundly mistaken.


[Editor's Note: The 'ambiguity' the author refers to is the fact that Lavrenti Pavlovich was a leading official in the NKVD during the "Great Purge," and was responsible for millions of imprisonments and killings of "counter-revolutionaries" - a great tool for score-settling. At the end of the Purge he became NKVD chief (1936–1938) and purged the NKVD itself.]


Fathers of the Soviet Bomb: Intelligence chief and first

administrator of Soviet nuclear program, Lavrenti Beria;

leader of Soviet atomic project, Physicist Igor Kurchatov.


Lavrenti Beria (of course, relying on Igor Kurchatov and his team) managed to intelligently assess priorities and give direction to a project that ultimately achieved the desired result. The key to success - and this should get a special mention! - was the access Soviet intelligence [GRU and NKVD] had to American nuclear secrets. Kurchatov had practically complete access to Manhattan Project documents, and his unofficial consultants (NKVD intelligence, within which the “nuclear” intelligence network of the GRU was incorporated) were scientists from Robert Oppenheimer's team who collaborated with organs of the Soviet secret police [evidence indicates that Oppenheimer himself was never involved].


In the whole history of the period, time was critical, since the first U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff war plan for the Soviet Union was developed in June of 1946 (code name “Pincher”). It was envisaged as a series of nuclear strikes against the 20 most industrially developed Soviet cities: Moscow, Leningrad, Gorky, Kuybishev, Sverdlovsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Saratov, Kazan, Baku, Tashkent, Chelyabinsk, Nizhny, Tagil, Magnitogorsk, Perm, Tbilisi, Novokuznetsk, Grozny, Irkutsk, Yaroslavl.  



By 1949, the United States of America already had 250 nuclear bombs and a fleet of B-29 strategic bombers.


Considering the reality of the Cold War, had the Soviet Union failed to learn the secret of nuclear weapons, the alternative would have been the American nuclear bombing of our country.


*Igor Korotcheko is chief editor of the journal National Defense (Natzional’naya Oborona), and a member of the Public Council of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense.
















































[Posted by WORLDMEETS.US September 2, 10:52pm]



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