U.S. troops at a staging area for General John J. Pershing's

1916 incursion into Mexico to apprehend Mexican renegade

Poncho Villa, who raided U.S. territory in retaliation for U.S.

support of dictator Victoriano Huerta.



La Jornada, Mexico

Mexico: The Birthplace of U.S. Interventionism


"Although Mexico shares a history of U.S. invasions, occupations and direct military attacks with Cuba, Nicaragua, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Panama, Argentina, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Guatemala, Granada, and Honduras … our long common border has made our country the iconic case of the U.S.' long-established interventionism throughout the world."


By Gilberto López y Rivas


Translated by Jason Ross


April 15, 2011


Mexico - La Jornada - Original Article (Spanish)

Mexico is the only underdeveloped capitalist country with a land border with the United States, the hegemonic head of the imperialist global system. It is also unique in Latin America for having had a conventional war with the country (1846-1848). Significantly, Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first U.S. ambassador to our country, distinguished himself by his interference in our domestic affairs and his insistence on acquiring the northern or interior provinces, which were then completely conquered through force of arms and formerly bequeathed to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in February 1848.


Lands 'ceded' by Mexico to U.S. after Mexican-American War.


Gastón García Cantú, in his classic book The North American Invasions of Mexico, (ERA Editions, 1971), cites the opinion of [Spanish officer] Félix María Calleja, brigade commander of San Luis Potosi and a leading expert on the interior provinces. Already in 1808, Calleja considered that the United States, "by its proximity, interests, and relationships, should always be considered our natural and permanent enemy." His work also offers a time line stretching from 1799 to 1918 - before independence and during the Republic - in which he details 285 acts of aggression against our country, including early plans for the occupation of Mexico by New Spain; armed expeditions pursued by militias or adventurers; the capture of schooners flying the Mexican flag and the illegal imprisonment of their crews; the revolt of Anglo settlers against the government on the part of separatists; the abduction and molestation of soldiers stationed at the border; acts by filibusters that included the taking of towns; constant encroachment on our nation's territory by Yankee troops; cattle-rustling; the pillaging and burning of homes under the protection of the authorities of this country; diplomatic interventions comprised of unacceptable demands that violated our sovereignty; the presence of warships and marine landings at various ports along the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific, etcetera. Garcia Cantú maintained that the government's policy toward the United States was one of the most important parameters for assessing the performance of whatever government was in office.


So, although Mexico shares a history of U.S. invasions, occupations and direct military attacks with Cuba, Nicaragua, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Panama, Argentina, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Guatemala, Granada, and Honduras - to say nothing of the clandestine operations suffered by these and other countries in Latin America - our long common border has made our country the iconic case of the U.S.' long-established interventionism throughout the world.   



In his closing statement at the Latin American Conference on National Sovereignty, Economic Emancipation and Peace, which took place in March of 1961, Lázaro Cárdenas, founder of the Movement of National Liberation, stated, "The fundamental force blocking the development of Latin America is U.S. imperialism. Its intimate alliance with national oligarchs and the ruinous effects of its economic and cultural penetration, show it to be the principal cause of the general stagnation that prevails in Latin America today. The defeat of imperialism is a fundamental requirement of any plan for developing our countries."


Painting by John Gast (circa 1872) called American Progress is an

allegorical representation of Manifest Destiny. In the scene, an

angelic woman (Columbia, a 19th century personification of the

U.S.) carries the light of "Civilization" westward. American settlers,

stringing telegraph wire, follow her. American Indians and wild

animals flee into the darkness of the 'uncivilized' West.


There is no major event in contemporary national life without the negative involvement of the United States. Since Victoriano Huerta's coup d'état against Madero (1913), in which the U.S. ambassador played a decisive role; there was the invasion and military occupation of Veracruz for several months in 1914, and the theft of customs revenue that was never returned; the 1916 entry of troops into Chihuahua during the failed pursuit of Francisco [Pancho] Villa; the so-called Bucareli Treaty, in which Álvaro Obregón agreed to pay compensation to U.S. citizens affected by the armed revolutionary movement (1910-1917) and was coerced not retroactively apply Article 27 of the Constitution with respect to U.S. oil companies; its active presence in the popular student-movement of 1968, through the extensive U.S. Embassy staff, one of the largest and most important in the world, which was discussed in Channel Six's July documentary The American Connection [video in Spanish only].


The timely publication by La Jornada of the WikiLeaks documents has laid bare the reach of current U.S. intervention - diplomatic, military, and by intelligence services - in our national affairs, and has highlighted the collaboration of Felipe Calderón's government, who, emulating Santa Anna, has handed over our sovereignty to their U.S. mentors, just like their PRI and PAN party predecessors did.



La Jornada, Mexico: An Open Letter to Obama: Learn Your History, Sir!

La Prensa, Nicaragua: Sham American President 'Stains' Nicaraguan History

BolPress, Bolivia: America's Dark Past Intrudes on Bolivian Elections

Gazeta, Russia: Castro and Chavez Split Over Obama

Al Wehda, Syria: America's 'Destiny' of Invasion and Expansionism

Granma, Cuba: Castro: Easing of Cuba Restrictions 'Positive', But Not Enough

El Espectador, Colombia: Cuba in Obama's Sights

Merco Press, Uruguay: Lula Vows Not to Embarrass Obama Over Cuba Embargo


The North American Free Trade Agreement, the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America and the Merida Initiative constitute the documents of Mexico's formal surrender to its U.S. counterpart. They amount to the incorporation of our country - under conditions of structural economic dependency, without any consultation with the people and with the Senate's slavish carelessness, into the U.S. economy, the warmongering policies and global terrorism that George W. Bush imposed on the world, and that Barack Obama, with his political and military actions, is developing in full.


The group Peace with Democracy, in its Appeal to the Mexican Nation, warned in November 2007 of the process of comprehensive occupation that has diverted our nation into the project of "globalization" and the hegemony of " collective imperialism" that today so dominates immense regions of the world and led by the United States of America. Four years later, this process has deepened and spread, and without a doubt, constitutes the most formidable challenge for any national project that emerges from the depths of downtrodden Mexico.



blog comments powered by Disqus











































[Posted by WORLDMEETS.US April 18, 11:39pm]


Live Support

Bookmark and Share